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Oct 16 – 21, 2022
Marriott Newport News at City Center
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Uncertainty Aware Anomaly Detection to Predict Errant Beam Pulses and GradCAM Analysis

Oct 18, 2022, 9:35 AM
Oral Machine Learning & Reliability Machine Learning & Reliability


RAJPUT, Kishansingh (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)


In order to improve the day-to-day particle accelerators operations and maximize the delivery of the science, new analytical techniques are being explored for anomaly detection, classification, and prognostications. We describe the application of an uncertainty aware machine learning (ML) method using Siamese neural network model to predict upcoming errant beam pulses as Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accelerator. Predicting errant beam pulses reduces downtime and can prevent potential damage to the accelerator. The uncertainty aware machine learning model was developed to be able to detect upcoming errant beam pulses not seen before. Additionally, we developed a gradient class activation mapping for our model to identify relevant regions within a pulse that makes it anomalous and we use these regions for clustering fault types. We describe the accelerator operation, related ML research, the prediction performance required to abort beam while maintaining operations, the monitoring device and its data, the uncertainty aware Siamese method with its results, and fault type clustering results.

Primary authors

RAJPUT, Kishansingh (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility) SCHRAM, Malachi (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility) JESKE, Torri (JLAB) Dr BLOKLAND, Willem (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) RAMUHALLI, Pradeep (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) PETERS, Charles Dr YUCESAN, Yigit (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Dr ZHUKOV, Alexander (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

Presentation materials