Since 1984 the Italian groups of the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) and Italian Universities, collaborating with the
DOE laboratory of Fermilab (US) have been running a two-month summer training program for Italian university students. While
in the first year the program involved only four physics students of the University of Pisa, in the following years it was extended
to engineering students. This extension was very successful and the engineering students have been since then extremely well
accepted by the Fermilab Technical, Accelerator and Scientific Computing Division groups. Over the many years of its existence,
this program has proven to be the most effective way to engage new students in Fermilab endeavours. Many students have
extended their collaboration with Fermilab with their Master Thesis and PhD.
Since 2004 the program has been supported in part by DOE in the frame of an exchange agreement with INFN. Over its almost
40 years of history, the program has grown in scope and size and has involved more than 550 Italian students from more than
20 Italian Universities, A number of Institutes of Research, including ASI and INAF in Italy, and the ISSNAF Foundation in the
US, have provided additional financial support. Since the program does not exclude appropriately selected non-italian students,
a handful of students of European and non-European Universities were also accepted in the years.
Each intern is supervised by a Fermilab Mentor responsible for performing the training program. Training programs spanned
from Tevatron, CMS, Muon (g-2), Mu2e and Short Baseline Neutrino Experiments and DUNE design and experimental data
analysis, development of particle detectors (silicon trackers, calorimeters, drift chambers, neutrino and dark matter detectors),
design of electronic and accelerator components, development of infrastructures and software for tera-data handling, research
on superconductive elements and on accelerating cavities, theory of particle accelerators
Since 2010, within an extended program supported by the Italian Space Agency and the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics,
a total of 30 students in physics, astrophysics and engineering have been hosted for two months in summer at US space
science Research Institutes and laboratories.
In 2015 the University of Pisa included these programs within its own educational programs. Accordingly, Summer School
students are enrolled at the University of Pisa for the duration of the internship and are identified and ensured as such. At the
end of the internship the students are required to write summary reports on their achievements. After positive evaluation by a
University Examining Board, interns are acknowledged 6 ECTS credits for their Diploma Supplement.
Information on student recruiting methods, on training programs of recent years and on final student's evaluation process at
Fermilab and at the University of Pisa will be given in the presentation.
In the ears 2020 and 2021 the Program has been canceled due to the persisting effects of the sanitary emergency which
prevented researchers and students to travel to the United States. In 2022 the Program was successfully restarted and allowed
a cohort of 21 students in physics and engineering to be trained for nine weeks at Fermilab. In the talk we will provide a detailed descriptions of the program, which can be easily taken as a model that can be easily adopted by interested Laboratories.
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