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May 8 – 12, 2023
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Boosting RDataFrame performance with transparent bulk event processing

May 8, 2023, 3:15 PM
Hampton Roads Ballroom VIII (Norfolk Waterside Marriott)

Hampton Roads Ballroom VIII

Norfolk Waterside Marriott

235 East Main Street Norfolk, VA 23510
Oral Track 6 - Physics Analysis Tools Track 6 - Physics Analysis Tools


Guiraud, Enrico (EP-SFT, CERN)


RDataFrame is ROOT's high-level interface for Python and C++ data analysis. Since it first became available, RDataFrame adoption has grown steadily and it is now poised to be a major component of analysis software pipelines for LHC Run 3 and beyond. Thanks to its design inspired by declarative programming principles, RDataFrame enables the development of high-performance, highly parallel analyses without requiring expert knowledge of multi-threading and I/O: user logic is expressed in terms of self-contained, small computation kernels tied together via a high-level API. This design completely decouples analysis logic from its actual execution, and opens several interesting avenues for workflow optimization. In particular, in this work we explore the benefits of moving internal data processing from an event-by-event to a bulk-by-bulk loop: it dramatically reduces framework's performance overheads; in collaboration with the I/O layer it improves data access patterns; it exposes information that optimizing compilers might use to auto-vectorize the invocation of user-defined computations; finally, while existing user-facing interfaces remain unaffected, it becomes possible to additionally offer interfaces that explicitly expose bulks of events, useful e.g. for the injection of GPU kernels into the analysis workflow. Design challenges useful to inform future R&D will be presented, as well as an investigation of the relevant time-memory tradeoffs backed by novel performance benchmarks.

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