EOS has been the main storage system at CERN for more than a decade, continuously improving in order to meet the ever evolving requirements of the LHC experiments and the whole physics user community. In order to satisfy the demands of LHC Run-3, in terms of storage performance and tradeoff between cost and capacity, EOS was enhanced with a set of new functionalities and features that we will detail in this paper.
First of all, we describe the use of erasure coded layouts in a large-scale deployment which enables an efficient use of available storage capacity, while at the same time providing end-users with better throughput when accessing their data. This new operating model implies more coupling between the machines in a cluster, which in turn leads to the next set of EOS improvements that we discuss, targeting I/O traffic shaping, better I/O scheduling policies and tagged traffic prioritization. Increasing the size of the EOS clusters to cope with experiment demands, means stringent constraints on the data integrity and durability that we addressed by a re-designed consistency check engine. Another focus area of EOS development was to minimize the operational load by making the internal operational procedures (draining, balancing or conversions) more robust and efficient, to allow managing easily multiple clusters and avoid possible scaling issues.
All these improvements available in the EOS 5 release series, are coupled with the new XRootD 5 framework which brings additional security features like TLS support and optimizations for large data transfers like page read and page write functionalities. Last but not least, the area of authentication/authorization methods has seen important developments by adding support for different types of bearer tokens that we will describe along with EOS specific token extensions. We conclude by highlighting potential areas of the EOS architecture that might require further developments or re-design in order to cope with the ever-increasing demands of our end-users.
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